Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, abbreviated as PCOS, is usually prevalent in women of reproductive age. It affects the endocrine glands and causes an increase in androgen in the body. Women afflicted with PCOS tend to produce higher than average amounts of male hormones known as androgens, which contribute to some of the symptoms associated with PCOS. Here’s an elaborated guide by Auric.
According to medical studies, PCOS can occur due to genetics or as a result of environmental factors. The word polycystic translates into “many cysts.” PCOS manifests itself as clusters of tiny, pearl-sized cysts in the ovaries. These cysts usually contain immature eggs and are filled with fluid.
Women afflicted with PCOS may go through infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, and their bodies may even produce excess levels of the male Androgen. The ovaries may fail to release any eggs regularly, as the case would be if the ovaries were healthy.
If you are looking for how to cure PCOS permanently, it is essential to highlight that there is no known cure for PCOS. Diagnosing PCOS early and following it up with the appropriate PCOS treatment can reduce the risk of complications associated with PCOS, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
To reiterate, there is no PCOS treatment available. Making lifestyle changes and using home remedies have proven effective at keeping PCOS effects at bay.
The PCOS symptoms and signs are many. They may develop around puberty at the time of the first menstrual cycle. In some cases, PCOS symptoms manifest themselves later when there is substantial weight gain, for example.
Some PCOS Symptoms include:
Menstrual cycles, which are irregular, infrequent or prolonged, are some of the most common PCOS symptoms. As an example, you may no longer be having monthly menstrual cycles or more than typical gaps between them. A woman may even have abnormally heavy periods.
Darkening of the skin:
PCOS can cause patches of dark skin on the body. These dark patches mainly occur in the folds of the neck, in the armpits, the groin region and under the breasts.
Excess of Androgen:
Other PCOS symptoms can be elevated levels of male hormones. The excess production of male hormones in the female body may manifest themselves in physical signs. These may include excess facial and body hair, a condition known as hirsutism. Occasionally there would be an incidence of severe acne and male-pattern baldness.
Under certain circumstances, PCOS symptoms such as enlarged ovaries and the appearance of follicles around the eggs may appear. As a result of this particular symptom, the ovaries may not function optimally.
Causes of PCOS
Even though the exact cause of PCOS hasn’t been discovered, certain factors play a role in its occurrence. These include:
Excess Insulin in the Body:
The intestines break down the carbohydrates you consume into glucose, which provides energy. The glucose is then released into the bloodstream, which increases the level of blood sugar in the body.
The pancreas releases insulin to control the level of glucose in the blood. It does this by storing the glucose in the cells to be used later as a source of energy. When the pancreas is unable to regulate the supply of insulin properly, it may increase androgen production, which in turn may affect the ovulation cycle.
Heredity may also cause PCOS symptoms to manifest themselves. According to research, specific genes may cause PCOS in women.
Complications that arise from PCOS may include:
- Gestational diabetes that is linked to pregnancy.
- Premature birth or even miscarriage.
- Metabolic syndrome - a cluster of conditions that includes high blood sugar and abnormally high cholesterol levels that could increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
PCOS Treatment and Diagnosis
If you suspect you may be afflicted with PCOS and are considering options on how to cure PCOS permanently, you should visit your doctor for the next steps.
Keep in mind that there is no test to diagnose PCOS. Your doctor will ask for your medical history, particularly regarding your menstrual cycle and weight changes. A physical examination will follow to check for signs of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, and acne.
Your doctor may even recommend a pelvic exam to inspect the reproductive organs, blood tests to analyse hormone and cholesterol levels, and an ultrasound, too, if deemed necessary.
If PCOS is diagnosed, periodic checks of blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and cholesterol levels will follow. Screening for depression, anxiety and sleep apnea may also be required.
Procedures to Induce Pregnancy
The following procedures can be performed to induce pregnancy in women who have PCOS.
Medication to Induce Ovulation:
The first step to a successful pregnancy is for ovulation to occur. Consuming certain medications may induce ovulation in women by consuming. Some of these are administered orally, while others are injected into the body.
In some instances, surgical intervention is necessary to increase the odds of ovulation. Ovarian drilling is a surgical procedure that can trigger ovulation by removing the tissues that produce the androgen hormone. With the discovery of newer medicines, surgical procedures are mostly redundant.
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF):
In this procedure, the female egg is fertilised with the sperm from the partner in the lab. Once the egg has been fertilised, it is transferred to the woman's uterus. This option is used on women with PCOS when medication or surgery are ruled out as alternatives to encourage ovulation.
Curbing Symptoms of PCOS Using Home Remedies
It must be acknowledged that there is no permanent PCOS treatment, and PCOS cannot be eliminated permanently. But a combination of lifestyle changes and home remedies could help alleviate some of the PCOS symptoms and work as PCOS treatment to some extent. These changes will be helpful in PCOS treatment if strictly followed.
Lifestyle Changes That Help With PCOS Treatment:
Recommending weight loss through a low-calorie diet and moderate exercise are options that will help in PCOS treatment. A modest decrease in weight can help reduce the incidence of PCOS symptoms. Reducing weight may also help the effectiveness of any medication prescribed and will help you in your journey to the answer, “how to cure PCOS permanently?”
Maintaining Sleep Hygiene:
If you are looking for a PCOS treatment that works and how to cure PCOS permanently, be rest assured that a good night’s sleep will work wonders in this regard. Maintaining a healthy bedtime routine in which you get at least 6-8 hours of sleep can help control the presence of PCOS symptoms.
Natural Methods of PCOS Treatment and Ways to Improve Fertility
PCOS can act as a constraint for women afflicted with it and attempting to conceive a child. It becomes harder to conceive if the woman is overweight. Apart from working to reduce body weight, there are a few natural ways to increase fertility.
Listed below are some home remedies that could be used to reduce PCOS symptoms and can be attempted as a means of PCOS treatment.
Cinnamon is a commonly used spice. It contains cinnamaldehyde, and its presence helps reduce insulin resistance. Resistance to insulin affects the menstrual cycle.
Consuming Cinnamon stimulates the production of the hormone progesterone. This hormone works to balance the hormones and reduces the amount of testosterone in the body.
The cinnamon powder goes well with juices, soups, salads and porridges. Apart from enhancing the flavour of food, it also provides the added benefit of controlling the ill effects of PCOS.
Apple Cider Vinegar:
Apple Cider Vinegar or ACV is another popular home remedy that is a versatile solution for a wide range of health problems. It helps to control the occurrence of acne and reduce hair fall and the chances of becoming obese.
ACV has anti-glycemic properties, which help regulate insulin levels in the body. This, in turn, aids in the management of PCOS symptoms.
For best results, mix a tablespoon of ACV into a glass of warm water. It will be good to drink the mix on an empty stomach for the best results.
Green Tea contains antioxidants known as catechins. These antioxidants help in relieving PCOS symptoms by interacting positively with the hormones in the body. It also aids in controlling weight gain, which is a significant factor in women afflicted with PCOS.
Add about a teaspoon of Green Tea leaves to boiling water. Let it sit for about 5 minutes to let the water get infused with the goodness of the Green Tea. Drink it twice a day to obtain maximum benefits in countering PCOS.
Jeera: Jeera is also known as Cumin seeds. Apart from being a kitchen staple, it serves as a popular remedy for PCOS. This spice consists of antioxidants and chemicals that monitor and control blood glucose levels in the body.
Add about a teaspoon of jeera powder to a glass of water and let it boil for about 2-3 minutes. Once cooled, you can consume it. Repeat this process at least twice a day to curb PCOS symptoms.
Ayurvedic preparations commonly use Liquorice. It is an excellent medicinal herb. It helps maintain the levels of male hormones to acceptable levels. An increase in the level of male hormones is a significant reason for PCOS.
Liquorice works to reduce inflammation, insulin resistance and stress levels, all factors that cause PCOS if not kept under check.
Ideally, liquorice can be infused into a tea. You could add a one-inch dry liquorice root to boiled water and let it rest for 10 minutes. You may drink the mix as soon as the 10 minutes have elapsed. This has been proven to be an effective home remedy for PCOS.
Pumpkin seeds are ideal for promoting overall health because they are loaded with healthy nutrients. Pumpkin seeds contain healthy fats that regulate cholesterol and insulin levels in the body.
There is a compound present in Pumpkin seeds known as beta-sitosterol, which helps reduce the level of androgen and treat symptoms of PCOS such as hirsutism, acne and weight gain. You can go ahead and add pumpkin seeds to curries, salads and smoothies. They can even be dry roasted and consumed as a healthy snack.
Apart from the natural remedies mentioned above, there has been a spotlight on the use of Cannabis in an oil form to treat PCOS. Preliminary research has shown that it may control feelings of anxiety and insomnia, which are common in people afflicted with PCOS.
One out of every four women in India is diagnosed with Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). There are many undiagnosed cases as well due to a lack of awareness. This affliction has become a significant concern and is one of the leading causes of infertility across the globe.
Even though the medical fraternity has no answer to the question of “how to cure PCOS permanently?” loads of research into this affliction have yielded the benefits of consuming everyday kitchen ingredients and the invention of medicines to help ease PCOS symptoms.
Consulting a nutritionist and a doctor for an ideal diet and medication regime will help keep the effects of PCOS at bay as long as you follow the instructions of the medical experts to the ‘T’.
Authored By : Poorvi Chhajer
About Author : Poorvi is a psychology graduate with a knack for writing and belief in ayurveda.