In the United States, 1 in every 10 women has Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). The exact PCOS causes are not known, but studies have revealed that family history and genetics play a major role in the development of this condition. It’s hard to ignore the occurrence of PCOS because the symptoms are quite clear and prominent. Excessive facial hair growth, irregular periods, weight gain, acne, etc., are symptoms of PCOS. With early diagnosis and treatment, this condition can be kept under check.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects the endocrine and reproductive systems of women between the age-group 15 and 44. It also gives rise to various other health conditions like heart disease and obesity. Infertility is another major side-effect of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).
PCOS is associated with the production of high levels of insulin and androgens in women, and hence, the condition is completely hormonal. But the reason why it affects just some women and not all is quite unclear.
Most of you may have doubts about PCOD vs PCOS. PCOD is a medical condition where the ovaries produce an immature or partially mature egg; PCOD doesn’t usually affect fertility. On the other hand, PCOS is a more serious medical condition that can sometimes cause ovaries to stop producing eggs altogether. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS affects fertility and can make pregnancy impossible.
To identify this medical condition, you will have to make frequent visits to the clinic and may have to consult with various clinicians, including fertility specialists, obstetricians, or gynecologists. Understanding the condition better will help you identify the health issue at an early stage and get treated quickly. This post will help you learn treatment methods and identify common PCOS causes and symptoms.
Major PCOS Causes and Symptoms
A) PCOS Causes
The exact PCOS Causes are unknown, but hormonal factors, environmental changes, and family history are considered to be associated with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Here’s a detailed explanation of each of the PCOS Causes;
- Family History
Studies haven’t pointed to one specific gene leading to PCOS Causes, so multiple genes lead to PCOS Causes. Around 50% of women with PCOS may have a relative – mother, sister, or daughter- with PCOS.
- Hormone Imbalance
Another major PCOS cause is associated with an imbalance in androgens and insulin levels. This is one of the most common factors leading to PCOS Causes and Symptoms. Women suffering from PCOS notice a surge in the production of male hormones resulting in facial growth.
- Insulin Resistance
One of the most commonly known PCOS Causes and Symptoms is insulin resistance. Physical inactivity, being overweight, and leading an unhealthy lifestyle can all lead to insulin resistance. Around 95% of women with PCOS are found to have insulin resistance issues.
- Weight and Lifestyle
Obesity or being overweight is associated with PCOS Causes and Symptoms. Being overweight aggravates insulin resistance, which is most often considered the reason for PCOS development. Hence, you must keep a check on your weight and focus on PCOS Causes Symptoms Treatment.
Also Read: 10 Best Drinks for PCOS and PCOD for a Speedy Recovery
B) PCOS Symptoms
When we talk about PCOS Causes and Symptoms, the next major thing to learn about is the signs and symptoms.
- Irregular Periods
High levels of androgen disrupt the monthly menstrual cycle. Some women may experience irregular periods, while few may suffer from alternative heavy and light period flows. A few others might even suffer from period pains that can be difficult to handle without painkillers.
- Fertility Problems
As already discussed, PCOS can affect the menstrual cycle and can even hinder the ovulation process. If ovulation stops completely or becomes highly irregular, then it can make natural pregnancy a bit difficult.
- Mood Instability
Depression, anxiety, and mood swings are all common PCOS Causes and Symptoms. These symptoms worsen during periods.
The growth of unwanted and excessive hair on the feet, chest, back, arms, facial region, and abdomen is termed Hirsutism. This is one of the most noticeable PCOS Causes and Symptoms.
Insomnia, night sweats, and sleep apnea are common in women struggling with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Poor sleep leads to a lack of energy that eventually results in feeling fatigue throughout the day.
- Skin Issues
One of the most common PCOS Causes and Symptoms is severe acne. It’s also accompanied by the occurrence of skin tags, the roughness of skin, and a dark-velvety skin appearance.
Another common PCOS Causes and Symptoms is the development of Cysts. This is noticed only after a medical test is done. Some cysts may subside by themselves, while some may require continued PCOS causes symptoms treatment.
Besides the physical changes, a woman with PCOS may have to deal with emotional challenges as well. Acne and other skin conditions can harm a person’s self-esteem and lead to serious psychological problems. Immediate PCOS causes symptoms treatment can help reduce the symptoms and will also help treat the root issue.
PCOS Causes Symptoms Treatment
You must understand how the testing and treatment procedures work. Here’s detailed information on testing methods used and common PCOS causes symptoms treatment. Most often, PCOS is identified by testing your glucose tolerance, cholesterol levels, blood pressure levels, hormones, and triglyceride levels.
When it comes to treating PCOS, your doctor will recommend changing your lifestyle and food habits as the first thing. Most women have found changing food habits and drinking natural women's wellness drinks to have positive effects on PCOS conditions as well as overall health. Cutting down on carbohydrates & sugar, and increasing the intake of proteins and green leafy vegetables can prevent PCOS from worsening. Your doctor may also suggest you take anti-androgens and Metformin to ease the PCOS symptoms.
Authored By: Divya Shankar
About Author: Divya Shankar is a multifaceted content writer with 7+ years of experience. She has exclusive writing expertise in Ayurveda.