What is your favourite dish? And what is that one dish you don't like at all? You must be having answers in your hand. But wait! How do you realize the taste? What would you do if all the dishes in the world tasted the same? Quite boring, right?
The different tastes and flavors of the dishes make them unique, and we then can examine their taste. If all the words tasted the same, we wouldn't have to try out new cuisines. Moreover, we humans love food more than anything else. So, considering the situation, we are lucky enough to have different tastes on our plates.
Ayurveda relates this to six different types of taste: sweet, salty, sour, astringent, bitter, and pungent. According to Ayurveda, whatever food we eat falls under either of these six categories. These six different tastes come from the other five different elements, which are bhumi (earth), Jal (water), Agni (fire), Vayu (air), and Akash (sky).
Ayurveda suggests keeping a balance among these six rasas (taste) to have a healthy body. These rasas not only define how the food would taste but also defines the health of your overall existence, from physical health to mental health. Your food has a lot more to do with your health than you probably can think of.
You might be astonished to know that there are mostly ten thousand taste buds in the mouth, and nearly eight thousand belong to our tongue. These taste buds are responsible for leaving a signal to the body when to leave appropriate enzymes essential to break down the food.
All in all, what matters is to have your plate decorated with all the six rasas to keep you fit and healthy.
Let's have a look at how these tastes influence our body:-
Sweet Taste (Madhur Rasa)
Don't we all love sweets? But did you know that sweet is related to earth and water in Ayurveda? Sweet is believed to be increasing Kapha dosha in the body while maintaining the balance of Vata dosha and pitta dosha. Being moist and cold, sweet balances the fires of pitta. It is also considered that sweet is heavy and difficult to digest, which leads to a weak digestion system, low appetite, obesity, heaviness, and oversleeping. Hence, one needs to be sure about the number of sweets consumed in a day. While some people also believe that sweets provide energy to the body and rejuvenate our skin and hair.
Sour taste (Amla Rasa)
Did you know that bad offers numerous benefits to your health. It comprises fire and earth. It increases pitta and Kapha dosha and keeps Vata dosha in balance. Sour is found in tomatoes, yogurt, alcohol, seafood, amla, etc. The work of sour rasa is to keep your body warm and maintain your digestive system.
Sour is believed to be liquid, oily, and hot. Hence, consuming it in excess quantity can lead to ulcers, hyperacidity, rejection, jealousy, etc. However, suppose one consumes it in an appropriate amount. In that case, sour rasa can provide benefits like creating a warming and energetic effect, healthy liver functioning, bile flow, and warms up the body.
Salty Taste (Lavana Rasa)
Salty rasa is more like sour rasa as it also increases the Kapha and pitta dosha and lowers the Vata dosha. Lavana rasa comprises fire and water. It is also hot, liquid, and hot. It is also believed to warm up your body and improves the digestive system. Acting as an appetizer with antispasmodic properties, salty rasa can be of great health benefits. However, if we consume too much salty rasa, it can cause hypertension and water retention.
Pungent Taste (Ushna Rasa)
Majorly found in tulsi, ginger, onion, chili, garlic, and many other food ingredients, Pungent helps to increase Vata and pitta while decreasing Kapha. It consists of fire and air. Ushna Rasa can help to reduce fat, improve blood circulation, and bring enthusiasm.
However, if you consume it excessively, it can cause irritability, crankiness, anger, jealousy, insecurity, nausea, and heartburn. We have already discussed that the six rasas have a lot more to do with your health. Hence, not only physical but mental health also comes under the control of rasas.
Bitter Taste (Tikta Rasa)
Bitter taste comprises air, and it helps to increase Vata and decreases pitta dosha and Kapha dosha. It is found in foods like neem, spinach, and bitter gourd, which help support the digestive system, muscles, bring clarity, calm behavior, and self-awareness. The negative impact of bitter taste can develop rejection, loneliness, betrayal, isolation, and disgust. Hence, it is advisable to keep track of what you eat and how much you eat.
Astringency Taste (Kashaya Rasa)
It comprises air and earth and is found in foods like coffee, tea, pomegranate, figs, asparagus, and cauliflower. The maintained consumption of Astringency taste helps cool the stomach, absorb nutrition, and have anti-inflammatory properties. However, this rasa's adverse effects can build up feelings like fear, self-doubt, anxiety, panic heavier, etc.
According to Ayurveda, select your diet as per your age, weight, and current situation for a better effect. If you see a traditional Indian thali, you can analyze the different flavors and dishes that are part of our diet, like rice, salad, pickle, vegetable dishes, roti, etc. Any wrong combination with rasa or any less or more quantity difference can backfire us. Hence, keeping track of six tastes can bring good health and a happy mental state too.
While building a healthy lifestyle is too harsh in the current scenario, we often delay it. Moreover, the not so delicious taste of healthy food pulls us back towards unhealthy but delicious food.
Hence, we at Auric solve this problem for our customers by making healthy and delicious products at the same time. To explore our products, click here and see how healthy food can be good too.Authored By: Ankita Agarwal
About Author: Ankita Agarwal is a Health & Wellness Coach from Siliguri, India