Kapalbhati Pranayama: Benefits, Precautions

Kapalbhati pranayama

What is Pranayama? Benefits

Ancient times witnessed the development of a series of breathing techniques aimed at improving health. These techniques were collectively referred to as Yogic breath and played a crucial role in the practice of yoga. One such technique that emerged from this is Kapalbhati yoga.

Pranayama encompasses various techniques employed to tap into the universal energy called prana. Within the practice of Kapalbhati yoga, Pranayama holds a vital position and is frequently integrated into asana sessions or utilized as a preliminary step in meditation, which is recommended by Auric.

How to do Kapalbhati Pranayama: Benefits, Precautions Etc

The term "Pranayama" originates from Sanskrit and encompasses the concepts of "vital life force" (prana), "control" (yama), and "expansion" (ayama). Pranayama involves the regulation of respiration to expand the vital life energy symbolized by the breath.

Practitioners of yoga hold significant regard for this meditation technique, particularly those at an intermediate level. The Kapalbhati yoga exercise is widely practiced in yoga schools worldwide.

Among the various cleansing routines in yoga, Kapalbhati yoga stands out as the sole technique that effectively purifies both the mind and body solely through breathing techniques. This exceptional practice serves as a valuable tool for stress reduction and consistently delivers favorable outcomes in this regard.

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A Comprehensive Look Into Kapalbhati Pranayama

How to do Kapalbhati Pranayama

What is Kapalbhati Pranayama?

In Sanskrit, the term Kapalbhati is comprised of two components. "Kapal" denotes the forehead, while "Bhati" signifies radiance. Consistent engagement in Kapalbhati yields a facial aura brimming with inner luminosity. This yogic practice involves abdominal breathing and is renowned for its revitalizing effects.

What Is Done In Kapalbhati Pranayama?

In the practice of Kapalbhati, the fundamental process involves a natural inhalation followed by a rapid exhalation, with the exhalation duration being approximately one-fourth of the inhalation duration. The quick exhalation and subsequent natural inhalation occur consecutively in a synchronized manner.

Steps Involved In Kapalbhati Pranayama

The Kapalbhati yoga practice should be performed on an empty stomach, preferably in the early morning, to maximize the benefits of the Kapalbhati Pranayama. However, it can also be done in the evening, provided that there is a gap of approximately 4 hours after the last meal.

Pranayama is most effective when practiced in the Lotus Posture, but if there is stiffness in the knees preventing the Lotus Posture, one can sit in a regular folded legs position. It is important to ensure that the spine remains upright.

To perform Kapalbhati yoga, assume a comfortable meditative position with the head held erect. Sit on a mat with the legs extended forward, placing the right foot on the left thigh and the left foot on the right thigh.

The palms should rest on the knees with the palms facing upward. Breathe normally, ensuring that the body remains relaxed and the spine stays erect. Maintaining the correct posture is crucial for obtaining the maximum benefits of Kapalbhati Pranayama.

The next step involves rapid inhalation and exhalation, with emphasis on forceful exhalation while the inhalation remains normal. During exhalation, the abdominal muscles should move inward, and during inhalation, the abdomen should rise and expand. Exhalation should be done swiftly, expelling the air quickly, while inhalation allows for relaxation and filling the lungs with fresh air.

Initially, aim to perform 11 rounds of Kapalbhati Pranayama per minute. As proficiency increases, the number of rounds can be increased to 60 per minute. Each inhalation and exhalation should take approximately one second. Through consistent practice, it is possible to progress to 120 rounds per minute, with each inhalation and exhalation lasting only half a second. It is not recommended to exceed this speed, as it may lead to shallow breathing and diminish the benefits of Kapalbhati.

Upon completing the desired number of rounds, relax and resume normal breathing. Allow the breath rate to return to its regular pace, which typically takes between 30 seconds to a minute.

During the initial stages, this process can be repeated about three times, constituting one session. Ideally, two sessions can be performed in a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.

Kapalbhati pranayama

Advantages of Kapalbhati Pranayama

  •  Kapalbhati Pranayama is a breathing technique that effectively reduces the presence of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream, with scientifically proven benefits.
  • This breathing method enhances oxygen levels in the body.
  • Kapalbhati Pranayama strengthens the respiratory system, increases lung capacity, and aids in the elimination of toxins and waste materials within the body through regular practice.
  • The practice of Kapalbhati Pranayama boosts the metabolism rate, supporting weight loss.
  • Regular practice of Kapalbhati Pranayama enhances memory, and concentration, and promotes brain cell health.
  • Additionally, this exercise contributes to mental well-being by reducing stress, tension, anxiety, and uplifting mood through the increased production of endorphins in the brain.
  • Kapalbhati Pranayama improves skin health, resulting in a radiant glow.
  • Asthmatics benefit from Kapalbhati Pranayama as it helps reduce symptoms of asthma and sinusitis.
  • Digestive issues and gastric problems are effectively reduced or eliminated through the regular practice of Kapalbhati Pranayama.
  • Relief from gas, constipation, and heartburn are among the benefits experienced by individuals who regularly practice Kapalbhati Pranayama.
  • Among the various benefits of Kapalbhati Pranayama, it also aids in the treatment of insomnia when performed regularly.

Kapalabhati Pranayama Benefits

Kapalbhati Pranayama Benefits for Skin

The practice of Kapalbhati yoga offers several advantages for the skin. Regular practice prevents acne, fights signs of aging, and aids in detoxification by eliminating toxins. Furthermore, Kapalbhati yoga is believed to play a crucial role in unclogging skin pores.

Kapalbhati Pranayama Benefits for Belly Fat Loss

The practice of Kapalbhati yoga offers several advantages for the skin. Regular practice prevents acne, fights signs of aging, and aids in detoxification by eliminating toxins. Furthermore, Kapalbhati yoga is believed to play a crucial role in unclogging skin pores. During Kapalbhati yoga, the breathing technique engages the abdominal muscles, resulting in a toned midsection and reduced belly fat.

This exercise also facilitates detoxification, which can contribute to weight loss, particularly in the abdominal area.

Kapalbhati Pranayama Benefits for Teeth

Consistent daily practice of Kapalbhati yoga enhances blood circulation to the facial muscles, teeth, and gums, promoting their strength and maintaining oral health.

Kapalbhati Pranayama

Kapalbhati Pranayama Benefits for Liver

The stimulation provided by the Kapalbhati yoga technique aids in liver regeneration and helps combat infections.

Consequently, the practice of Kapalbhati yoga contributes to liver health, maintaining adequate albumin and globulin levels and preventing conditions such as jaundice, cirrhosis, hepatitis, and other liver-related ailments.

Kapalbhati Pranayama Benefits for Brain

Kapalbhati yoga stimulates brain nerves, promoting overall brain well-being. This stimulation enhances mental energy, calmness, balance, memory, and concentration.

Kapalbhati Pranayama Benefits for Weight Loss

Kapalbhati yoga offers numerous benefits for weight control. It is beneficial for individuals aiming to manage their weight, including those with diabetes, as it regulates blood sugar levels and promotes sufficient insulin production by the liver.

Additionally, it reduces stress, leading to lower cortisol levels, which aids in weight loss, as cortisol release induced by stress is associated with weight gain.

The abdominal movements involved in Kapalbhati yoga tone abdominal muscles, reduce abdominal fat, and strengthen the core, thereby contributing to a reduction in obesity.

Different Kinds of Kapalbhati

There are three distinct methods of practicing Kapalbhati Pranayama:

  1. Vatakrama: This basic technique involves passive inhalation and active exhalation.

  2. Vyutkrama: In this technique, water is sniffed through the nostrils and allowed to pass into the mouth before being spat out.

  3. Sheetkrama: Sheetkrama Kapalbhati is the opposite of the Vyutkrama technique. Here, water is taken in through the mouth and expelled through the nose.

Precautions To Be Taken 

Similar to any physical activity, certain precautions should be taken when practicing Kapalbhati Pranayama. It should be avoided if you have an artificial pacemaker, stent, epilepsy, or hernia, or have recently undergone abdominal surgery, to ensure safety.

Additionally, individuals with hernias, vertigo, epilepsy, high blood pressure, or a tendency to develop gastric ulcers should refrain from performing Kapalabhati Pranayama.

If any discomfort, dizziness, or pain is experienced during the practice, it is important to pause immediately, breathe normally, and resume at a slower pace once the sensation subsides. If problems persist, it is advisable to discontinue the practice and consult a yoga teacher before resuming.

Women should avoid practicing the Skull Shining Breathing technique during and shortly after pregnancy, as well as during menstruation, due to the vigorous abdominal squeezes involved.

Individuals with hypertension and heart problems should only engage in this breathing technique under the guidance of a qualified yoga expert.


Kapalbhati Pranayama is an effective and easily accessible method to improve overall health. Its benefits include lowering blood pressure, enhancing eyesight and hair growth, burning excess abdominal fat, and strengthening internal organs such as the lungs and heart

By practicing this exercise for at least 30 minutes every day, in combination with a balanced diet and sufficient sleep, individuals can experience significant improvements in their health.

Pranayama, also known as the "controlled breathing" technique, offers numerous health benefits. Alongside Kapalbhati Pranayama, other forms of yoga can be practiced to adopt a holistic approach to overall well-being.

Regular practice of various pranayama exercises not only provides a multitude of health benefits but also promotes a blissful and meaningful way of life.

Authored By: Poorvi Chhajer

About the Author: Poorvi is a psychology graduate with a knack for writing and a belief in Ayurveda.

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